A rare case of acute pancreatitis due to very severe hypertriglyceridemia treated with subcutaneous insulin and lipid lowering drugs

Tushar Bajaj, Sundeep Grandhe, Hanh Duong, Saman N. Ratnayake

Abstract

The diagnosis of acute pancreatitis in a patient requires the presence of two of the following three criteria: (I) acute onset of persistent, severe; (II) epigastric pain often radiating to the back, elevation in serum lipase or amylase to three times or greater than the upper limit of normal; (III) characteristic radiographic evidence hypertriglyceridemia is a potential cause of acute pancreatitis when levels are greater than 1,000 mg/dL. Very severe hypertriglyceridemia is classified as levels above 2,000 mg/dL. Management includes targeting pancreatitis with intravenous fluids, pain control, and nutritional support. While apheresis with therapeutic plasma exchange is a known option for severe hypertriglyceridemia, we present a rare case with management with intravenous fluids, subcutaneous insulin, statins, and fibrates in a patient with a triglyceride level of 12,234 mg/dL who presented with severe epigastric pain radiating to her back.