Solitary fibrous tumour of the parotid gland: a case report and a 15-year literature review
Solitary fibrous tumour (SFT) is uncommonly found in the salivary glands and is a rare group of spindle-cell tumours. A review of literature revealed only 40 reported cases of SFT of major salivary glands over a 15-year period from 2004 to 2018. SFTs of the salivary glands are usually benign, although rarely, can be aggressive and may sometimes recur after initial resection. Histology and Immunohistochemistry are the most important criteria to distinguish SFT from other head and neck tumours. SFTs strongly stain for CD34 and hence is the most frequently used stain for diagnosis. All reported SFT cases with available information on immunohistochemical stains were positive for CD34. Recently, immunohistochemistry for STAT6 has been introduced as a surrogate diagnostic marker for SFT that is highly sensitive and specific. We report a case of a 51-year-old Chinese gentleman who presents with a 3-month history of a left parotid tumour that required a subtotal parotidectomy for complete excision. It was diagnosed as SFT based on histology and immunohistochemical features. He was followed-up for 3 months post-operatively with no clinical evidence of recurrence. This case proposes that, although rare, SFT should be considered in the differential diagnosis of soft-tissue tumors in the major salivary glands. An awareness of this rare entity will help clinicians and pathologists better manage similar patients in the future.