A case of a primary tracheal schwannoma refractory to endoscopic treatment in a 54-year-old male is reported. Previous treatment was by endoscopic laser debulking. Computed tomography (CT) 2 months later demonstrated a recurrent tumour involving the anterior tracheal wall with intraluminal tracheal extension. Treatment was successful by limited tracheal resection with primary anastomosis performed 2 weeks following the scan. The histology confirmed a benign neurogenic tumour derived from Schwann cells and clear margins.